- “Independent Labour”
- Inner city riots
- “I’ve met the Met”
Impresario, from the Italian impresa, an enterprise or undertaking, is a traditional term still very much in use in the entertainment industry for a manager or producer of concerts, tours and other events in music, opera, theatre and even rodeo.
Infertility primarily refers to the biological inability of a man or a woman to contribute to conception. Infertility may also refer to the state of a woman who is unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. There are many biological causes of infertility, some which may be bypassed with medical intervention.
In 1981 the UK suffered serious race riots across many major cities in England. In all cases the main motives for the riots were related to racial tension and inner city deprivation. The four main riots this refers to are the Brixton riot in Brixton, London, the Handsworth riot, Handsworth, Birmingham, the Chapeltown riot, Chapeltown, Leeds and the Toxteth riots, Toxteth, Liverpool.
The original Irish Republican Army fought a guerrilla war against British rule in Ireland in the Irish War of Independence 1919-1921. Following the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty on 6 December 1921, the Irish Republican Army in the 26 counties that were to become the Irish Free State split between supporters and opponents of the Treaty. The ‘anti-Treatyites’, sometimes referred to by pro-Treaty forces as ‘Irregulars’, continued to use the name Irish Republican Army (IRA) or in Irish Óglaigh na hÉireann, as did the organisation in Northern Ireland which generally supported the pro-Treaty side. Óglaigh na hÉireann was also adopted as the name of the pro-Treaty National Army and remains the official legal title of the Irish Defence Forces.
…Under the leadership of Tony Magan from 1948 on, the IRA rebuilt its organisation. In the 1950s it started planning for a renewed armed campaign, and in 1956 recent recruit Seán Cronin, who had considerable military experience, drew up a plan codenamed Operation Harvest.
The border campaign, as it became known, involved various military columns carrying out a range of military operations, from direct attacks on security installations to disruptive actions against infrastructure. Internment without trial, introduced first in Northern Ireland and then in the Republic of Ireland, curtailed IRA operations and ultimately broke morale.
Eighteen people in total were killed during the campaign, of whom seven were members of the RUC and eight were members of the IRA itself. Despite the boost to republican morale given by the massive turnout for the funeral in Limerick of IRA member Seán South, the campaign was on the whole a failure, and did not receive significant support from the populace on either side of the border. It petered out in the late 1950s, and was officially ended in February 1962.
In the 1960s the IRA once more came under the influence of left-wing thinkers, especially those such as Desmond Greaves active in the Connolly Association in London. This move to a class-based political outlook and the consequent rejection of any stance that could be seen as sectarian — including the use of IRA arms to defend the beleaguered Catholic communities of Belfast in the Northern Ireland riots of August 1969 — was to be one of the factors in the 1969 split between the Official IRA and Provisional IRA wings of the republican movement, with the latter subscribing to a traditional republican analysis of the situation while the former embraced Marxism.
The Provisional IRA embarked on a thirty year armed campaign against the British presence in Northern Ireland that claimed 1707 lives. In 1997 it announced a ceasefire which effectively marked the end of its campaign. In 2005 it formally announced the end of its campaign and destroyed much of its weaponry under international supervision. The movement’s political wing, Provisional Sinn Féin, is a growing electoral force in both Northern Ireland and the Republic.
The Official IRA mounted their own armed campaign in the Troubles up to 1972, when they called a ceasefire. However, their members on the ground engaged in some armed activities for the rest of the 1970s before effectively disbanding. By the 1980s, they were an essentially political movement and distanced themselves from traditional republicanism, re-naming their political wing Sinn Féin the Workers Party in the Republic of Ireland in 1979 while in Northern Ireland they were known as Republican Clubs until 1981 and The Workers Party Republican Clubs until 1982 before both Northern and Southern sections became The Workers Party in 1982.
Feuds between the two IRAs in the 1970s claimed up to 20 lives on either side.
Advertising for the Metropolitan Police, 1983.
- Jack Kerouac
- Jarrow march
- (Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir) Joe Simpson (‘Ted Jones’)
- Jim Greenfield (‘Dave’/‘Nigel’)
- John Barker (‘Dave’/‘Nigel’)
- John Pilger (‘Nicky Hutchinson’)
- John Poulson (‘John Edwards’)
- (Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir) John Waldron (‘Colin Blamire’)
- Juvenile delinquency
- KY Jelly
- Labour Party
- Leonard Burt (‘Deputy Chief Constable Roy Johnson’)
Leonard Burt, CVO, CBE (1892 – 1983) was a British police officer, involved in several high-profile cases and investigations.
Burt became the Assistant Chief Constable of Dorset Constabulary, and in the late 1970s, presided over the Operation Countryman investigation into corruption in the Metropolitan Police and City of London Police.
- Marital breakdown
- Marital rape
- Male emasculation
- Meadowell (‘Valley View’)
- Mental health
- Metropolitan Police
- Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir David McNee (‘Michael Jellicoe’)
- Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir Joe Simpson (‘Ted Jones’)
- Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir John Waldron (‘Colin Blamire’)
- Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir Robert Mark (‘Michael Jellicoe’)
- Metropolitan Police Obscene Publications Squad
- Monroe Doctrine
- “Moral decline”
- National Union of Mineworkers/NUM
- National Working Miners’ Committee
- “New Britain”The title of the 1964 Labour election manifesto: “A New Britain – mobilising the resources of technology under a national plan; harnessing our national wealth in brains, our genius for scientific invention and medical discovery; reversing the decline of the thirteen wasted years; affording a new opportunity to equal, and if possible surpass, the roaring progress of other western powers while Tory Britain has moved sideways, backwards but seldom forward.
The country needs fresh and virile leadership. Labour is ready. Poised to swing its plans into instant operation. Impatient to apply the “new thinking” that will end the chaos and sterility. Here is Labour’s Manifesto for the 1964 election, restless with positive remedies for the problems the Tories have criminally neglected.”
- “New Labour”
- “No-go areas”
- “No such thing as society”
- North-east England
- Nursing homes
- Obscene Publications Act
- Obscene Publications Squad/”Dirty Squad”/”Vice Squad”
- Óglaigh na hÉireann
- “On the knocker”
- Operation Countryman
- Organised labour
- Orgreave picket
Óglaigh na hÉireann (Irish for Volunteers/Warriors of Ireland; old orthography: Óglaiġ na h-Éireann; IPA: [ˈoːgɫ̪iː n̪ˠə ˈheːɾʲən̪ˠ]) is the Irish language title used by various armed groups in Ireland throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, including the Irish Defence Forces and several organisations calling themselves “Irish Republican Army” (IRA).
The title originated as an Irish-language rendering for the name of the Irish Volunteers (1913–1919), an Irish nationalist paramilitary group. It was subsequently used by the Irish Republican Army (1919–1922), the successor to the Irish Volunteers and the army of the secessionist Irish Republic.
Since 1922, it has been the official Irish-language title of the Irish Defence Forces, which are recognised by the Irish Government as the only legitimate armed forces of the southern state on the island of Ireland.
The name has also been used by several other groups that have claimed the name “Irish Republican Army” since 1922, and that have refused to recognise the legitimacy of Northern Ireland and (in some cases) the Republic of Ireland; these include the Provisional IRA, the Continuity IRA and the Real IRA. In February 2006, the Independent Monitoring Commission reported that a new dissident republican group styling itself simply Óglaigh na hÉireann had been formed after a split from the Continuity IRA. All these groups claim sole descent from the original Irish Volunteers and Irish Republican Army, and thus also claim the sole right to use the name Óglaigh na hÉireann. Some members of the Irish Government, including Minister for Defence, Willie O’Dea, have objected to this use of the title by groups other than the Defence Forces.
In mainstream Irish language media, the republican paramilitary organisations are commonly referred to by the English-language abbreviation “IRA” or an tIRA rather than Óglaigh na hÉireann
- Package holidays
- Party Six
- Paul Raymond (‘Benny Barratt’)
- Peter Tatchell (‘Nicky Hutchinson’)
- Photo opportunities
- Pine furniture
- Pit villages
- Plastic restraints/handcuffs
- Police brutality
- Police corruption
- Police helicopters
- Pop music
- “Poulson Scandal”
- Power shortages
- Press conferences
- Privatisation of public utilities
- Public bars
- “Public Relations” & PR firms